By RICHARD NEBELLos Alamos“In a lonely grave, forgotten and unknown, lies ‘the man who saved a president,’ and as a result may well have preserved for ourselves and our posterity constitutional government in the United States…”. These words were written in 1956 by Senator John F. Kennedy in his Pulitzer Prize winning book “Profiles in Courage”. That forgotten man is Edmund G. Ross and that lonely grave is in the Fairview Cemetery in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Edmund Ross was an abolitionist and a Senator from Kansas. He was the Senator who cast the deciding vote to acquit Andrew Johnson in his impeachment trial. He was never again elected to a political office, and he cast his vote with full knowledge that that was going to happen.It’s not hard to see why Johnson was disliked. He tried to do reconstruction on his own by executive order. He essentially tried to return things to the way they were before the Civil War. Johnson ordered the Southern States to hold conventions and elections. Not surprisingly, they elected the same people who had run things before the war. The southern states promptly passed “Black Codes” to take away civil liberties from black people. Johnson also opposed the 14th amendment that guaranteed equal protection under the law to all citizens, including the newly freed slaves.The Congress responded by refusing to seat these southern legislators and passed legislation that negated President Johnson’s actions. He vetoed these bills, and Congress promptly overrode his vetoes. Congress also passed the tenure of office act (an act that was later found to be unconstitutional) that forbade the president from firing cabinet officials. When Johnson fired the Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, that’s what triggered the impeachment. Even though Edmund Ross was a staunch abolitionist and Johnson wanted to effectively reinstate involuntary servitude, Ross felt the reasons for the impeachment were political and thus impeachment was not appropriate.Ross was not only an abolitionist, but also a Union soldier who enlisted as a private and rose to the rank of Major. 173 soldiers in his regiment died in the Civil War. It must have been extremely distasteful for Ross to vote against the conviction of a president who was seeking to undo everything that Ross had fought for and sacrificed for. So why did Ross oppose the conviction? The US Constitution only spells out two specific impeachable offenses: treason and bribery. It also lists two undefined things: high crimes and misdemeanors. Why does it do that? Constitutional scholars believe that the founding fathers couldn’t agree on any other impeachable offenses but they didn’t want to tie Congress’s hands so they included the vague language of high crimes and misdemeanors.So what does “high crimes and misdemeanors” mean? Gerald Ford put it this way: “It means whatever Congress says it means”. In other words, Congress gets to decide after the fact what is an impeachable offense and then hold the President accountable to that standard. That’s an inherently political determination, and that’s what Ross objected to. In fact, if Ross hadn’t voted the way he did we would have removed a president from office for violating an act that was unconstitutional.Ross’s views of impeachment pretty much held sway for over 100 years. But in the late 20th century and now again in the 21st century, Congress is trying to use impeachment as just another political tool. They are telling us that it is OK to overturn the results of elections if you have the political muscle to do so. They don’t seem to be concerned that they are undermining “constitutional government in the United States” (as John F. Kennedy said) by effectively disenfranchising the voters who elected a president.So how does this relate to our present situation with President Trump? The “treason” accusations pretty much went out the window with the Mueller report. Since that time we have been treated to the “Offense du Jour” approach to try to make the case for whatever the Democrats want to define as “high crimes and misdemeanors”. As discussed above, this approach is inherently political. It ignores the sacrifices made for us by people like Edmund Ross. And, it ignores the wisdom of people like John F. Kennedy.In one year we are going to have a Presidential election. If you think that Trump is “ethically challenged”, then don’t vote for him. I didn’t vote for him in 2016, but I do accept the fact that he was elected President. Elections are the proper and legitimate way to determine who is President. Having Congress do it for political reasons isn’t. This impeachment isn’t just a conflict between the legislative and executive branches of government. It’s also a conflict between the Congress and the public as to who is going to determine who the President of the United States is.
So, after a couple of seasons with my new four-stroke 3.5-horsepower engine, (had to drop down to 3.5 horsepower or face putting 80 pounds on the transom where formerly 40 pounds of five horsepower had ridden), the engine just wasn’t as friendly to an all-outdoor environment as the old two-stroke was. Happily, my mechanic was able to address — and explain — what the changes from two-stroke to four-stroke means.The Old Two-Stroke Engine — And What Is A Stroke?The basics of a two-stroke engine versus a four-stroke engine has to do with what is known as thermodynamic cycle. Basically, in a two-stroke engine, the beginning of a compression stroke and the end of the combustion stroke occur at the same time as the intake and exhaust functions. In a four-stroke, each of these functions takes place within its own stroke. The return of the engine to its original position after going through these strokes is the thermodynamic cycle — two strokes for the old model and four strokes for the current, state-of-the-art one.So, What’s The Problem?A decade ago, the two-stroke motor, found on 75 percent of all boats and personal watercraft (jet skis), generated 1.1 billion pounds of hydrocarbon emissions each year. This was the annual equivalent of spilling as much oil and fuel into U.S. waterways as the Exxon Valdez — 15 times over. These high emissions were attributed to the design inefficiency of the two-stroke motor, which had remained essentially unchanged since World War II. What made it so inefficient?Largely, it was this — about a quarter of the fuel and oil, mixed directly into the furl, went unburned and thus was emitted directly into the water and air. Imagine having the gas dock operator selling you three gallons of gasoline and charging for four. Putting the pollution aside, the Environmental Protection Agency estimated that one hour of operation by a 70-horsepower two-stroke motor emitted the same amount of hydrocarbon pollution as driving to and back from New York to Los Angeles in a modern automobile.Four-stroke engines emit 97 percent less pollution than conventional two-strokes. Why? Simple. Four-stroke outboards use the same combustion process used in automotive engines. This means that, unlike the two-stroke engine, four-stroke engines never have an exhaust and intake valve open at the same time. This keeps any unburned fuel from being ejected from the engine.Also, four-stroke engines don’t require additional lubricating oil to be blended in with the gasoline to operate and aren’t part of the exhaust, unburned or otherwise. Also, it burns hotter, or more economically, and thus are more efficient at gas consumption. Manufacturers quote as much a 25 percent better fuel mileage. (Of course, slowing down would help even more. Tests show that you burn over 50 percent more fuel at high speeds than mid-ranges.OK, So What’s The Problem Now?Well, they are heavy. When I went to replace my five-horsepower engine, I found that the four-stroke replacement weighed 80 pounds — two times heavier than the two-stroke engine. When I contemplated trying to get that engine in and out of an eight-foot dinghy, floating dockside, I said, “Ah, that’s not going to happen without me and/or the engine ending up in the drink. What’s the next size down?” There’s a 3.5 horsepower in a four-stroke option, which weighs about what five horsepower do in a two-stroke. A car engine, not a weedwhacker . . .But the two-stroke guys can take advantage of the latest technology response — direct fuel injection. The required fuel mixture is injected directly into the cylinder after the piston passes the exhaust port, which prevents any unburned fuel from being prematurely forced out of the engine. Direct fuel injection retains the advantages of a two-stroke engine’s efficient power cycle and lighter weight, and greatly lowers pollution levels normally generated by two-strokes. In short, they’re not your father’s two-strokes anymore.Vincent Pica is commodore of the First District Southern Region of United States Coast Guard Auxiliary. If you are interested in being part of United States Coast Guard, email him at JoinUSCGAux@aol.com. Share
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Both Schumacher and Kremser now serve as chartering brokers at THB, as Zeamarine winds down its business.As HLPFI reported in February, Zeamarine’s German booking and operating divisions – Zeamarine Bremen, Zeamarine Germany and Zeamarine Chartering – filed for insolvency at the Bremen District Court. Since then a number of Zeamarine offices around the world have been closed.www.thb-bremen.de
5-0427112,21926,9384.40%3.32% 6-0230513,32929,3854.73%3.39% Total milk to date: 60’162 kg.Irene is a Ja-Bob Jordan-Red daughter from a Sayso-Red, then Jubilant Mingo-Red backed by a Caveman-Red.Irene, born Dec. 3, 2004, is on her way to becoming legendary brood cow for the Red and White Dairy Cattle breed. She has birthed 19 calves, two of which are making their records. Two-year-old Schrago Italia Indianna Red scored VG 86, while the other, Schrago Burns Iris RF, is VG 85 at 2 years old. PD—From Red & White Dairy Cattle Association news releaseadvertisement 2-09306 days8,633 kg milk19,032 lbs. milk4.05% fat3.30% protein 3-1033811,38925,1084.45%3.52% 7-1130512,05126,5674.78%3.25% Nine-year-old Suard Jordan Irene-Red, who is topping records in Switzerland, recently showed impressive results at competition. She is the first Red Holstein to score EX 96 (EX 98 udder) in the country, being crowned Supreme European Champion Red Holstein Cow in 2013, according to the Red & White Dairy Cattle Association. Her production record includes:advertisementadvertisement
Farmington High School’s Business Professionals of America (BPA) students earned top spots at this year’s Business Professionals of America State Leadership Conference, held March 15-18 in Grand Rapids.Among the 43 local participants, several earned the privilege of competing at the National Conference, May 9-13, 2018 in Grapevine, Texas.BPA is the Career and Technical Student Organization (CTSO) for students pursuing careers in business management, office administration, information technology, and other related career fields. Students competed in 31 different events and nine students earned Statesmen Torch Awards (leadership and service awards). They placed as follows:Advanced AccountingNoah Hahn – Top 10%Banking & FinancePooja Balani – 11th PlaceDatabase ApplicationsShikha Raman – 12th PlaceVishal Chava – Top 15%Adeep Das – Top 15%EntrepreneurshipHusain Boxwala – 1st Place & National qualifierFinancial Math & Analysis Concepts – OpenAyad Mukadam – Bronze Medal & National QualifierFundamental AccountingEdha Shirodkar – 7th PlaceGautham Jayaraj – Top 20%Chelsea Lindsey – Top 20%Fundamental Desktop PublishingApoorva Dayananda – Top 7%Fundamentals of Web DesignThomas Brandon – 7th PlaceGlobal Marketing Team – 6th PlaceNamratha BujalaApoorva DayanandaEasheta ShahAvigna TatineniIntegrated Office ApplicationsEmma Vardevanyan – Top 20Peter Wu – Top 15Java ProgrammingRichard Rex – Top 10%Management/Marketing/Human Resources Concepts – OpenSujit Meka – Bronze Medal & National QualifierMedical Office ProceduresTarun Sai Bhadri – 6th Place & National QualifierPersonal Financial ManagementBabar Ahmed – 14th PlaceSmall Business Management Team – 6th PlaceSanjana KartalAnne MandapathilMeghana NyalakondaShikha RamanSQL Database FundamentalsJacob Hume – 1st Place & National Qualifier Reported by Farmington Voice Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
Cree, Inc. has recently signed a non-exclusive worldwide patent license agreement with Transphorm, Inc. that provides access to Cree’s extensive family of patents related to GaN high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) and GaN Schottky diode devices for use in the field of power conversion devices. The licensed family of patents addresses various aspects of making GaN power devices including nitride materials, HEMT and Schottky diode designs and processing technology. While GaN HEMTs are already used extensively in RF markets by Cree and others, their use in power conversion markets has been targeted by Transphorm and a number of other companies. “Over the last 17 years, Cree has invented technology that enabled the successful introduction of reliable GaN HEMT devices in the RF market,” stated John Palmour, Cree CTO, Power & RF and one of Cree’s co-founders. “Many of these inventions can and are expected to be used by others to manufacture devices in the burgeoning area of GaN power management systems.”
RelatedDPS Reminds Texans About Dangers of Leaving Children in VehiclesSpecial to the PRESS AUSTIN – The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) is reminding Texans that as summer temperatures increase, so do does the potential for vehicular heatstroke deaths in children. Every year, children die from heatstroke after being left in a vehicle or entering a vehicle unnoticed. “Children…June 19, 2015In “News”TxDOT launches 14th annual ‘Click-it or Ticket’ campaignSpecial to the PRESS The simple, law-abiding habit of wearing a seat belt can protect thousands of Texans from serious injury or death. Yet, many people still refuse. For them, the Texas Department of Transportation is launching its 14th annual statewide “Click It or Ticket” campaign to augment the federal,…May 22, 2015In “News”Authorities on high alert for Spring BreakSpecial to the PRESS The Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) will increase DWI patrols from March 8-17, one of the most active Spring Break periods in Texas. DPS troopers will focus DWI patrols in high-risk locations at times when alcohol-related crashes are most frequent. The enhanced patrols that target…March 7, 2013In “News” Special to the PRESSThe Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) is reminding Texans that vehicle thefts and vehicle burglaries tend to increase during the summer months – especially July and August – and is encouraging individuals to take necessary precautions to protect their vehicles from potential thefts.“The summer months in Texas typically are one of the busiest times for vehicle thefts, and DPS is urging Texans to take preventative measures to secure their vehicles and avoid possible thefts and burglaries,” said DPS Director Steven McCraw. “Individuals can do their part to help ward off criminals this summer by always locking their cars and keeping valuables out of sight.”DPS offers the following tips that Texans can follow to help guard against vehicle theft:• Never leave your car running unattended, even for a quick visit to a business or store.• Never leave keys in the car or ignition, inside a locked garage, or in hide-a-key boxes.• Always roll up your windows and lock the car, even if it is parked at your home.• When possible, always park in high-traffic, well-lighted areas.• Install an anti-theft device that locks the steering wheel, column or brakes, especially if your vehicle is considered to be at increased risk for theft.• Never leave personal documents, vehicle ownership title or credit cards in your vehicle.• Always keep valuables or property hidden out of sight or locked in the trunk.If your vehicle is stolen, report it to the police immediately. DPS also encourages individuals to keep a copy of their license plate and vehicle identification number on hand in case of theft, since police will need this information to take a report.For more information about auto thefts and burglary, see http://www.txdmv.gov/motorists/consumer-protection/auto-theft-prevention.Want the whole story? Pick up a copy of the Port Isabel-South Padre Press, or subscribe to our E-Edition by clicking here. Share
Sumber: Wikipedia Ketika Ibu Kota tengah disibukkan dengan rencana pengadaan sistem metro pertamanya, yaitu MRT Jakarta, lain halnya dengan negara tetangga, Singapura yang sudah melangkah sangat jauh di sistem transportasi berbasis massalnya. Baru-baru ini, diketahui SMRT tengah mempersiapkan sejumlah tenaga kerja untuk ditempatkan di seluruh armada nirawaknya.Baca Juga: Remajakan Armada, MRT Singapura Adopsi Kursi Lipat Guna Antisipasi Lonjakan PenumpangSebagaimana dilansir KabarPenumpang.com dari laman singaporego.com (5/3/2018), rencana penempatan sejumlah tenaga kerja ini akan direalisasikan di keseluruhan kereta nirawak di Circle Line dalam waktu dekat ini. Diketahui, penempatan masinis di armada yang beroperasi di Circle Line ini sudah bergulir sejak semester kedua tahun lalu. Tidak hanya Circle Line saja yang memiliki jalur kereta nirawak, North East Line (NEL) yang dikelola oleh SBS Transit pun telah mengambil langkah yang sama beberapa waktu yang lalu. Tidak bisa dipungkiri, NEL yang dibuka pertama kali pada tahun 2003 silam menarik perhatian publik dunia karena telah mendeklarasikan dirinya sebagai sistem perkeretaapian nirawak pertama di dunia. Secara otomatis, NEL pun sukses mencatatkan dirinya dalam buku sejarah perkeretaapian dunia.Pada awalnya, kereta yang beroperasi di NEL didampingi oleh seorang masinis di kala jam-jam sibuk guna meningkatkan keandalannya. Namun dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, Juru Bicara SBS Transit, Tammy Tan mengatkan bahwa telah merubah hal tersebut. “Sekarang, kami telah meninjau pengaturannya dan memutuskan untuk menaruh seorang tenaga ahli di dalam kereta sepanjang jam operasional,” tuturnya.Tidak bisa dipungkiri, North East Line merupakan salah satu jalur yang paling banyak digunakan oleh masyarakat Singapura. Selain itu, North East Line juga memiliki prestasi yang cukup membanggakan pada tahun lalu, yaitu mampu menempuh jarak hingga hampir mencapai angka satu juta kilometer hingga mereka menemukan kesalahan teknis dalam pengoperasiannya.Dengan angka tersebut, menandakan bahwa capaian yang berhasil diraih North East Line ini setara dengan dua kali capaian dari Circle Line yang hanya mampu mengular sekitar 400.000 kilometer hingga kereta tersebut menemui kendala teknis di tahun yang sama.Menteri Transportasi Singapura, Khaw Boon Wan mengatakan bahwa dirinya menargetkan untuk semua jaringan mampu menempuh jarak hingga satu juta kilometer hingga armada terkait menemui kendala teknis pada tahun 2020 mendatang. Angka tersebut merupakan kelipatan dari standar Kementerian Transportasi Singapura.Baca Juga: Versi Terbaru SMRConnect, Mampu Informasikan Kepadatan Penumpang di Jalur MRT SingapuraSebagai perbandingan, sistem MRT yang ada di Hong Kong hanya mampu menempuh jarak sekitar 600.000 kilometer hingga armada mereka menemukan masalah teknis, dan Taiwan’s Taipei Metro berhasil mengungguli 200.000 kilometer lebih jauh ketimbang MRT Hong Kong.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Like this:Like Loading… RelatedLTA Singapura Tambah 17 Rangkaian Metro MRT Untuk North East Line dan Circle Line21/05/2018In “Darat”Ganti Armada Tua, Singapura Kembali Hadirkan Rangkaian MRT Terbaru dari Bombardier30/07/2018In “Darat”Singapura Punya Depo MRT Bawah Tanah Pertama di Dunia, Jakarta Punya Depo MRT Pertama di Indonesia28/09/2017In “Darat”